December 2, 2020

Keeping Our Promise in Education

For the past couple of years, I’ve taken a personal interest in education. I’ve met students, talked to principals and teachers. And one thing that always amazes me is how passionate everyone is about education: the urge to learn and to teach is strong, especially in remote communities.

A Story of Two Brothers

Jietong is a high school student in Xichuan, a county in the middle of China. He lives with his mom, dad, and little brother in a small rented room. His parents are migrant workers and money is tight. With the spread of COVID, all local schools closed and started providing online coursework for the students. But this was a problem for Jietong and his little brother, because his family doesn’t have a tablet or computer − they had just one smartphone, which Jietong and his little brother had to share to take classes online. But even that was difficult. They had no Internet connection at home, and the smartphone signal was only strong enough on the roof of their apartment building.

  • High School student Jietong

So Jietong had to go up to the roof for class. When he’d
finished, Jietong would give the phone to his little brother, so he could do
the same. This was during the winter, when the temperature gets as low as 5-10
degrees below zero.

The urge to learn is strong. And so is the urge to
help. When the local government learned about their situation, they gave the
boys a computer and arranged for a Wi-Fi connection. Now they have more stable,
reliable access to online courses. And they can stay warm inside. It’s a small
fix, but it will have a huge impact on their lives.

I want to talk about that impact and what we can all
do to help.

How the Pandemic Has
Affected Education around the World

Education is a Promise

To me,
education is a promise from governments to citizens, from communities to
families, from all of us to future generations. It’s a promise that every child
will have the tools, information, and environment they need to lead a better
life.

In many ways, we have not kept that promise. COVID has made this painfully clear.

At the peak of the
pandemic, more than 190 countries
around the world shut down schools, affecting more than 1.6 billion students. The number has dropped now to about 800 million.
But the fact remains that many students in vulnerable communities still don’t
have access to online classes and won’t return to school at all.

There are many reasons for this.

One of the main reasons is a lack of digital inclusion at all levels of society created by a
major imbalance in connectivity, access to devices, and digital skills.
In terms of connectivity, according
to ITU, 87% of the population in high-income countries has Internet access,
compared with just 19% in low-income countries. Income gaps within developed
countries tell the same story. For example, in the US, 60% of low-income
families don’t have reliable access to the Internet or computers, so even if schools
provide online classes, students in these communities can’t participate.

The gap is clear. In both rich and poor countries,
children in lower-income communities have unequal access to learning
opportunities as a direct result of the digital divide.

Starting Small with
What You Know

For big challenges, it’s okay to start small. When
there’s so much to do, sometimes it’s hard to know where to start. So we should
start with what we know and what we do best.

At Huawei, we know connections and we
know digital devices. So we started a program called TECH4ALL to make sure that
every person can benefit from digital technology, and that every person has a
place in the digital world.

In education, we are focusing on two main areas:

  1. Connecting
    schools for kids
  2. Building digital skills
    for young adults

Current
Projects

Thembile Primary School, South Africa

Back in February, I took a trip to South Africa where I visited Thembile Primary School in Johannesburg. The kids were great: super smart, eager to learn, and full of potential. But they had a unique challenge at the school.

Their computer lab was basically a
storage room full of computer equipment they’d never used. I asked the
principal why. He said they don’t have Internet access, nor do they have anyone
to teach computer class or to maintain the equipment. So having the equipment
isn’t enough – they also need resources and capabilities.

So, we teamed up with local partners to see what we could do to help the kids learn better. The NGO Click Foundation provides online curriculum and content, local carrier Rain provides free network access, and we provide network equipment and mobile devices. Together, we moved quickly. The kids at Thembile will soon be able to take interactive classes online, starting with English. Our goal is to connect 20 primary schools in South Africa by the end of the year, and 100 by mid-2021. This will have a direct impact on over 50,000 young minds.

Read more: Building
Futures: South Africa’s 5G DigiSchool

Training Teachers in Senegal

We’re not stopping there. With the pandemic, distance
learning is more important than ever. To properly scale distance learning
platforms, you need cloud. Cloud gives us the ability to fully connect schools,
create and manage coursework, and bring accessible content to people’s homes.

So connecting schools also means connecting them to the cloud and connecting them to content. Here’s an example from Senegal.

When schools shut down in Senegal, teachers faced a
difficult situation because they’d never created distance learning content
before. Working with UNESCO and local partners, including the carrier Sonatel,
we’re providing teachers with the equipment and digital skills necessary to
create content for radio and TV.

To date, the project has helped more than 200
teachers provide their students with quality content during the pandemic.
Moving forward, the goal is to train teachers in more than 60 schools, so they
can bring distance learning to more than 100,000 students. We’re also working
with UNESCO on an Open Schools project that will connect schools and build nation-wide
distance learning platforms for remote communities, starting with Egypt,
Ethiopia, and Ghana.

Read more: Learning
Never Stops at Senegal DigiSchool

Enhancing Digital
Skills in Kenya

Outside of school, many adults across the world lack the
digital skills to participate in the growing digital economy. In September
2019, we joined up with local partners to build a DigiTruck in Kenya.

Fully solar-powered, the DigiTruck is a 40-foot steel cargo container that’s been converted into a mobile classroom and equipped with laptops, smartphones, wireless broadband, and VR equipment. Trainers from a local NGO drive out to remote villages to train young people in skills like using Office software, browsing the Internet, and starting an online business. So far, the DigiTruck has provided more than 25,000 hours of training for over 1,500 people.

This is a joint project with Close the
Gap, Safaricom, and UNESCO. We’ll be expanding this program to many other
countries including France,
next year.

Read more about DigiTruck

There are so many people out there who want to learn, but can’t.
Fortunately, there are many people like you and me who want to help. And we
can.

Maybe you’re good at curriculum design. Maybe you’re good at training. Maybe you can develop applications. If we each do our part, kids like Jietong won’t have to study on the roof. Primary school students in South Africa can tap the benefits of a modern digital education, and young adults like Carolyn can learn the skills they need to thrive in a growing digital economy.

We can do this. Education is a promise. It’s time we work together to keep that promise.

Read More

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