January 15, 2021

Working with 5G: Safer, Smarter & People-First

In November, I spoke at Mobile Broadband Forum 2020
in Shanghai, marking the second time we’d held our annual MBBF event in the
city. The first was in 2014 during the first year of 4G rollout in China. Now
in 2020’s Shanghai, 5G is delivering gigabit download speeds up to 20 times faster than 4G – just six years on.

But 5G is much more than just a lightning-fast iteration of 4G. For many
people across the world, its application in business will completely change their
working lives – for the better.

Higher productivity, higher job satisfaction, and a far lower risk profile are all things we can look forward to as 5G deployment gathers momentum. And gathering momentum it is, with 5G rollout having shifted into the fast lane. Today, there are more than 100 commercial 5G networks worldwide and more than 400 5G devices available on the market. And China stands out for the scale of its rollout, having deployed 700,000 5G base stations in 300 cities and connected more than 180 million consumer and industrial devices in less than a year.

As I’ll show you in this post, China’s fast 5G adoption is also powering exciting, pioneering 5G use cases in work scenarios that we hope can be replicated worldwide and in turn boost the quality of life for millions of people.

Caring for the
Carers

When COVID-19 hit China earlier in the year, the response was fast: Wuhan saw two field hospitals built in ten days and connected with emergency 5G networks in just three days. Remote diagnosis, remote ultrasound, and remote-controlled robots were all suddenly viable – key technologies for reducing person-to-person contact and protecting frontline staff.

A doctor in Wuhan monitoring patients remotely

5G has already proven its value in healthcare. With the World Health Organization reporting that 1.4 million healthcare workers were infected by COVID-19 worldwide as of July 2020, accounting for 10% of all infections, those on the viral frontlines are particularly vulnerable to transmission and their safety is an absolute priority.

A less obvious and more surprising application of 5G
and one that was in fact a more urgent request – was to rethink how medical
staff suit up with personal protective equipment (PPE). New strict requirements
and a lack of experience with such extensive PPE protocols meant that
healthcare workers could take 30 minutes to an hour to put the gear on –
something each had to do in isolation, and something where a minor mistake
could prove fatal.  

5G was made for challenges like this. We deployed 5G CPE and HD cameras in the temporary changing rooms, which lacked both a power supply and connectivity. Experts could then walk medical staff through suiting up with the required visual fidelity thanks to 5G’s uplink bandwidth. As a result, the time required to get ready was greatly reduced, and worker safety could be ensured before they entered the quarantined areas of the Wuhan hospitals.

Moving at
Wharf Speed

Beyond the
immediate demands of the pandemic, 5G is already emerging as a game changer in
other sectors with hazardous or unpleasant working environments. In June 2020,
I visited Ningbo Port, the home of one of our smart port projects in China. For
operators of the massive 20-meter gantry cranes, conditions are tough to say
the least – they operate them from a small cabin buffeted by wind that takes 15
minutes to reach from the ground and makes things like bathroom breaks and
going for lunch a unique challenge. They spend 8-hour shifts looking down,
which is not just exhausting, but – as many operators have testified – a
precursor to serious neck and back issues. For the port operator, recruitment
is tough as the job isn’t appealing and requires extensive experience.

In Ningbo, these work conditions are a memory for operators of six of the port’s cranes that are now connected with 5G. The crane operators can work remotely from an air-conditioned office, using HD video to locate containers, position the crane, and transfer cargo to trucks. Operating efficiency is up by 20% and the port has halved labor costs for operating cranes, as each engineer can now operate multiple units. Others can be redeployed to new posts such as maintenance.

Like in many scenarios where 5G comes into its own, optical fiber in ports doesn’t quite cut it – it’s too bulky to deploy and much too expensive to maintain. Wi-Fi can meet mobility requirements within a certain range, but it doesn’t support the high uplink bandwidth required for real-time, multi-channel HD video backhaul.

We’re currently working on unifying communications standards to ensure the consistent application of Smart Port solutions. Further south in China, for example, Shenzhen’s Ma Wan Port is benefiting from its new 5G network with similar efficiency gains as Ningbo – Ma Wan handles 3 million containers every year, which works out at around 10,000 per day.

Huawei’s Richard Griffiths explains remote 5G-powered crane control at Shenzhen’s Ma Wan’s port – 1 km away from the cranes

Mining for
Safety

Much like ports act as a weather vane for trade vitality, mining is a pillar industry of the global economy. It’s also characterized by a notoriously dangerous work environment that results in one of the highest rates of injuries and deaths per year of any occupation. The estimated annual fatality count is 15,000, and debilitating respiratory illnesses that slash life expectancy like pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, and silicosis – are commonplace. For example, the estimated life expectancy of a career miner in Bolivia is just 40 to 50 years.

Hazards abound in mines and
can occur at any time, from ground falls, rock falls, and cave-ins to faulty
machinery such as shearers or hydraulic supports, which rely on the human eye
to observe for potential issues. 

Mining is certainly one
industry that can – and is starting to – benefit from unmanned, automated
operations thanks to smart solutions like real-time video uplink, computer
vision, and unmanned equipment powered by 5G’s speed, low latency, high
bandwidth, and massive connection capabilities.

Unmanned mining equipment in Henan

With mine operators working
remotely, China’s first unmanned
mine
went into operation in 2017 in Henan. This year, six 5G base
stations will be deployed in the mine to improve precision, stability, and
efficiency. In Shanxi, we’re working with our partners to cut workplace
fatalities to zero as the province’s coal mines transition to fully unmanned capabilities
by 2030. Until then, IoT, AI, and big data solutions can assess risks remotely
and automatically generate warnings to miners.

Safety is the biggest challenge in this Shanxi mine, with zero fatalities a major aim of the  Shanxi Administration of Coal Mine Safety & mine operator Jingying Shuzhi

5G is seeing broad adoption in many other industries, from steel and
power grids to manufacturing. When combined with technologies and devices like
drones, robotics, AI, multi-access computing, IoT, cloud, and big data, 5G delivers
bespoke solutions that can greatly improve working environments in many
industries. As of October 2020, 5G projects were up and running in a reported
20 different sectors.

For companies, 5G can help pave the way to zero-injury, zero-fatality outcomes
with far higher productivity and efficiency gains. For millions of workers
across the globe, 5G-powered solutions can be the way of out of a hazardous
environment into an upskilled, data-driven role and, ultimately, a better
quality of life.

And that’s something to really get excited about.

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